RS485 Communication

RS-485 allows multiple devices (up to 32) to communicate at half-duplex on a single pair of wires, plus a ground wire (more on that later), at distances up to 1200 meters (4000 feet)
A 485 network can be configured two ways, “two-wire” or “four-wire.” In a “two-wire” network the transmitter and receiver of each device are connected to a twisted pair. “Four-wire” networks have one master port with the transmitter connected to each of the “slave” receivers on one twisted pair. The “slave” transmitters are all connected to the “master” receiver on a second twisted pair.